The Welfare State Challenges for Governance

Venkatesan Ramani

Abstract


Influenced by the ideals of equality and the compulsions of electoral politics, elected governments in India have embraced the implementation of welfare measures to improve the quality of life of their citizens. Starting with the creation of large bureaucracies to implement welfare programmes, policy formulation of welfare measures has, over the years, moved from state distribution of goods and services to the more recent efforts to empower the individual through placing financial resources at her disposal to let her decide how she wants to improve her quality of life. Technological advances in the digital sphere have enabled governments to move in this direction, exemplified by the paradigm shift in Indian economic and social policy in recent years. This paper seeks to highlight the path taken so far and the challenges facing the welfare state in India in the coming decades.


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